GREATER GERMAN REICH
 


 

COMMAND FLAGS OF THE LUFTWAFFE  •  1935-45
 

Images Added July 2010

Command Flags & Pennants for Ground Combat Units of the Luftwaffe
 

The German Luftwaffe's World War II command flags and pennants were derived from those of the Army. For the Luftflotte, Fliegerkorps and Fliegerdivision, a golden yellow Luftwaffe eagle was added to the Army-pattern flag. For officials of the High Command, special distinguishing flags were introduced in 1935. That of the Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe, Hermann Göring, displayed the Pour le Merite he had won as a flier in the First World War. When Goering was promoted to Field Marshal in 1938, crossed batons were added to his flag. When he was elevated to the unique rank of Reichmarschal in 1940, Göring began to use a different flag and the 1938 design fell into disuse, though it was not officially abolished.

In 1940, when several Luftwaffe generals were promoted to the rank of field marshal, a distinctive flag was introduced for their use, displaying crossed batons and Luftwaffe eagles on a sky blue field.

Luftwaffe  units below the Fliegerdivision level had Army-pattern command flags. Flak (antiaircraft artillery), example used flags identical to those for Army artillery units with the addition of the Luftwaffe eagle in silver gray. Parachute (Fallschirmjäger) units, which were part of the Luftwaffe, had flags and pennants with a golden yellow field, this being the arm-of-service color (Waffenfarbe) for flying units. At the division level, the Fliegerdivision pennant was used.

When in 1942 ground combat divisions began to be raised from surplus Luftwaffe personnel, a new range of command flags and pennants was introduced for them. Again, they were similar to the Army pattern, but with the color scheme reversed: a black field with a broad horizontal stripe in the Waffenfarbe. This not only helped to distinguish these Luftwaffe Field Divisions from Army divisions, but enabled a distinction to be made between flak units and regular artillery units within the divisions. As with the parachute troops, the Fliegerdivision pennant was used at the division level.

Flag Proportions: Luftwaffe high command and Luftflotte flags were made square. Fliegerkorps and Fliegerdivision flags were made in 2:3 proportions.
 


 

HIGH COMMAND

 

 

1935-38          AIR MINISTER & COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE LUFTWAFFE          1938-45


UNDERSECRETARY OF THE AIR MINISTRY


LUFTWAFFE CHIEF OF STAFF

 

LUFTWAFFE FIELD MARSHAL

 

HIGHER HEADQUARTERS

 

AIR FLEET  •  Luftflotte

 

AIR CORPS  •  Fliegerkorps

 

AIR DIVISION  •  Fliegerdivision

 

GROUND COMBAT FORMATIONS

 

ANTIAIRCRAFT ARTILLERY REGIMENT  •  Flak-Regiment

 

RIFLE REGIMENT  •  Jäger-Regiment

 

ARTILLERY REGIMENT  •  Artillerie-Regiment

 

RECONNAISSANCE (Aufklärungs) BATTALION
 

 

ANTITANK (Panzerjäger) BATTALION
 



BACK to GREATER GERMAN REICH Page