BRITISH CAVALRY STANDARDS
 

 
LATE SEVENTEENTH-EARLY EIGHTEENTH CENTURIES
 

Notes
 

In 1700, the cavalry of the British Army consisted of regiments and troops of horse and dragoons. The regiments of horse constituted the regular line cavalry, while dragoons were still regarded as mounted infantry. The army as a whole was divided into the English, Scottish and Irish establishments; thus the 1st, 2nd and 3rd Troops of Horse Guards were on the English establishment, and the 4th Troop was on the Scottish establishment. Independent troops of horse and dragoons still existed, but by 1700 the regimental organization was more common. Most cavalry regiments consisted of two troops, for a total strength of about 550 officers and men. The demands of war and peace resulted in numerous raisings and disbandments of troops and regiments between 1688, when William III came to the throne, and 1701, when the War of the Spanish Succession broke out.

Cavalry standards were of two types. Each troop of horse carried a cornet, made of silk with silk fringe, three feet square, with painted devices. Troops of dragoons carried a tailed guidon about five feet in length. The cornets and guidons depicted below date from the mid-1690s, but those used during Queen Anne's reign were similar.
 

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HIS MAJESTY'S HORSE GUARDS
 

1st Troop

2nd Troop

3rd Troop

4th (Scottish) Troop

 

ROYAL REGIMENT OF HORSE
 

1st Troop

2nd Troop

 3rd Troop

 

THE QUEEN DOWAGER'S TROOP OF HORSE

 

PRINCESS ANNE OF DENMARK'S TROOP OF HORSE

 

THE EARL OF SHREWSBURY'S TROOP OF HORSE

 

ROYAL REGIMENT OF DRAGOONS
 

 

HAY'S REGIMENT OF DRAGOONS
 

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