REPUBLIC OF CHINA & REPUBLIC OF CHINA (TAIWAN)
 

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MILITARY FLAGS SINCE 1912
 
Images Added January 2017

Air Force Flag  •  Ministry of Defense Flag  •  Supreme Commander's Flag•
 

Notes
 

In 1912 the new Republic of China adopted as its war flag the banner that had been raised by Army rebels in 1911: a red field for China with a black star and eighteen gold balls, one for each province of the nation. In 1928, however, the government of General Chiang Kai-shek abolished both the Five-Color Flag  and the 1912 war flag. The 1912 naval ensign became China's national flag, and the 1912 war flag was replaced by a red flag with the White Sun in Blue Sky Flag centered. These flags disappeared from mainland China after the Communist victory in 1949, but they are still used by the Republic of China (Taiwan). Today the war flag is used on ceremonial occasions to represent the Army. With a vertical white stripe at the hoist bearing an appropriate inscription in Chinese characters, it also serves as a unit flag. The flag of the Air Force displays that service's badge on a field of sky blue. Prior to 1992 the badge was golden yellow rather than silver gray.

The supreme commander of the armed forces is the President of the Republic of China, whose flag displays the circular White Sun in Blue Sky on a red field within a a yellow frame. The ceremonial version of this flag has a yellow fringe. The fringed distinguishing flags of the commander and deputy commander of the Army, based on the war flag, date from 1953. Note the small pennants, charged with a gold plum blossom, that are placed on the staff above the flags. These flags were replaced in 1958 by designs similar to the current chief of staff and deputy chief of staff flags. They and the current rank and rank flags of the Army are green and bear the Army badge, with stars or (for colonels) plum blossoms according to position or rank. Up to the mid-1980s the stars and plum blossoms were white rather than yellow.

Flag Proportions: Current Republic of China Army flags have 2:3 proportions. The original 1928 war flag and some other past military flags were made in 3:4 proportions, as illustrated.
 



 

WAR FLAG  •  1912-28


 

WAR FLAG SINCE 1928  •  3:4 PROPORTIONS

 

ARMY COMMANDER  •  1953-58

 

ARMY DEPUTY COMMANDER  •  1953-58

 

CURRENT ORGANIZATIONAL & UNIT FLAGS

 

REPUBLIC OF CHINA MINISTRY OF DEFENSE

 

REPUBLIC OF CHINA ARMY

 

REPUBLIC OF CHINA MILITARY ACADEMY

 

542nd MECHANIZED INFANTRY BRIGADE

 

REPUBLIC OF CHINA AIR FORCE

 

CURRENT POSITION & RANK FLAGS

 

PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC AS SUPREME COMMANDER

 

ARMY CHIEF OF STAFF

 

ARMY VICE CHIEF OF STAFF

 

GENERAL FIRST CLASS

 

GENERAL SECOND CLASS

 

LIEUTENANT-GENERAL

 

MAJOR-GENERAL

 

COLONEL
 



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