KINGDOM & REPUBLIC OF EGYPT
 


 

NAVAL & MILITARY ENSIGNS & FLAGS    1923-58
 

 Image Added December 2016

Color for Army Regiments & Battalions
 

Notes
 

Though nominally part of the Ottoman Empire, in 1914 Egypt was under de facto British rule and when war broke out Britain declared a formal protectorate. Egypt was granted independence after the war, though in reality Britain maintained control of the country for another thirty years.

The national flag adopted in 1923 became the basis for all Egyptian naval and military flags and ensigns. Crossed anchors and crossed swords were added in the upper hoist of the national flag to create the naval ensign and the army flag respectively. The air force ensign followed the pattern of the British RAF Ensign, with a sky blue field, the national flag as a canton and the air force roundel in the fly. Naval and army rank flags were the same as the naval ensign and the army flag, with the addition of stars in the upper and lower fly. Air Force rank flags were based on those of the RAF. The color for regiments and separate battalions of the Army was a fringed national flag to which battle honors could be added in the form of scrolls.

The 1923 flags continued in use after the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of a republic in 1952. The 1952 revolution, however, introduced the Arab Liberation Flag to Egypt: a horizontal tricolor of red, white and black with the eagle of Saladin centered on the white stripe. The Arab Liberation Flag was often flown jointly with the 1923 flags and it soon became in effect an alternate national and war flag.

All these flags were abolished when Egypt joined the United Arab Republic in 1958.
 



 

NAVAL ENSIGN & JACK

 

COMMISSIONING PENNANT

 

ARMY FLAG

 

AIR FORCE ENSIGN

 

ARAB LIBERATION FLAG
ALTERNATE NATIONAL & ARMY FLAG

 

NAVAL RANK FLAGS

 

VICE-ADMIRAL

 

REAR-ADMIRAL

 

SENIOR OFFICER

 

ARMY RANK FLAGS & UNIT COLORS

 

LIEUTENANT GENERAL

 

MAJOR GENERAL

 

COLOR FOR REGIMENTS AND SEPARATE BATTALIONS

 

AIR FORCE RANK FLAGS

 

AIR MARSHAL

 

GROUP COMMANDER

 

SQUADRON COMMANDER
 



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