KINGDOM OF THE NETHERLANDS
 


 
CURRENT NAVAL ENSIGNS, FLAGS & PENNANTS
 

Notes
 

The national flag of the Netherlands, a red-white-blue horizontal tricolor, originated in the sixteenth century, during the war for independence from Spain. The red stripe was originally orange, this being the livery color of William I, Prince of Orange, who led the rebellion against Spanish rule. In the seventeenth century red gradually replaced orange, and in 1796 the current flag was officially confirmed.

During the seventeenth century the Dutch Republic was a major European power, possessing a navy capable of contending with England for control of the English Channel. By the early eighteenth century, however, the Republic's glory years had passed. Nevertheless, it preserved a vibrant maritime tradition and maintained a large colonial empire in the Far East (the Netherlands East Indies, later Indonesia). The modern Royal Netherlands Navy, though small, has always been notable for the high quality and advanced design of its warships, all of which are built in Dutch yards.

The national flag of the Netherlands also serves as the naval ensign. The jack is based on the design of a seventeenth-century Dutch ensign. The naval reserve ensign, flown by merchant vessels whose masters are naval reserve officers, bears the badge of the Navy in black. The rank flags for admirals and commodores are based on the ensign, with crossed batons for a full (five-star) admiral and six-pointed stars according to rank for other admirals. Two types of rank flags are authorized: command flags (shown), which are square, and rectangular (2:3) flags with the same insignia for admirals not exercising command. There is also a range of command pennants for officers in command who are below the rank of commodore, including a senior officer pennant.

Flag Proportions: The current Netherlands naval ensign and jack are made in 2:3 proportions.
 



 

NAVAL ENSIGN


 

NAVAL JACK

 

COMMISSIONING PENNANT

 

NAVAL RESERVE ENSIGN

 

RANK FLAGS

 

ADMIRAL

 

LIEUTENANT-ADMIRAL

 

VICE-ADMIRAL

 

REAR-ADMIRAL

 

COMMODORE

 

COMMAND PENNANTS

 

CAPTAIN COMMANDING A SQUADRON

 

SQUADRON COMMANDER

 

DIVISION COMMANDER

 

FLOTILLA COMMANDER
 

 

SENIOR OFFICER PRESENT AFLOAT
 



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