RUSSIAN EMPIRE
 


 
CAVALRY LANCE PENNONS    1801-1917
 

Up to the nineteenth century, the Russian Army's light cavalry was provided mainly by the Cossack hosts. There were also a few non-Cossack units, such as the Tartar and Polish light horse regiments. These latter were armed with the lance and in 1801 they were each given distinctive pennons. At this time the lancer, a light cavalry type long associated with Poland, was coming into vogue, and along with other European armies the Russians began to raise lancer regiments. As in Germany and Austria they were uniformed in the Polish style and given the Polish title uhlan. Uhlan regiments were formed with two squadrons and usually each one was given a distinctive pennon. Some of these early pennons were of a design that later became standard: two wide outer stripes and two narrow inner stripes in two colors. By 1812 there was a considerable number of uhlan regiments on the Russian Army establishment, most of which had territorial titles and two pennons. Around 1820 the uhlans were grouped by fours into divisions, each regiment receiving a distinctive two-color pennon. In all cases the bottom stripe was white and the top stripe was the same color as the uniform facings.

The 1st Ukrainian Uhlan Regiment was raised as such, but the 2nd was converted from the 2nd Ukrainian Cossack Regiment in 1816. Until its disbandment in 1856 this regiment used four different pennons, the last of which was of the two-color, four-stripe pattern that became standard around 1830 and was used until the the Russian Empire's demise in 1917. In all cases, the broad white stripe was uppermost and two or three regiments shared the same distinctive color, which matched their facings.

Credit: My drawings on this page are based on information from VEXILLOGRAPHIA, the outstanding website devoted to the historical and current flags of Russia and related countries.
 



 

LIGHT CAVALRY & UHLAN REGIMENTS 1801-10


Tartar Regiment of Horse

Both Squadrons


Polish Regiment of Horse

Both Squadrons


Tsarevich Ulan Regiment

1st Squadron


1st Squadron


UHLAN REGIMENTS CIRCA 1812


Life Guard Ulan Regiment

Both Squadrons


Yamburg Uhlan Regiment

Both Squadrons


Taganrog Ulan Regiment

Both Squadrons


Vladimir Uhlan Regiment

Both Squadrons


Tartar Uhlan Regiment

Volyn Uhlan Regiment

1st Squadron


2nd Squadron


1st Squadron


2nd Squadron


Chuguev Uhlan Regiment.

Polish Uhlan Regiment.

1st Squadron


1st Squadron


1st Squadron


1st Squadron


1st UHLAN DIVISION    CIRCA 1820

Vladimir Uhlan Regiment


Siberian Uhlan Regiment


Orenburg Uhlan Regiment


Yamburg Uhlan Regiment


2nd UKRAINIAN UHLAN REGIMENT    1816-56


1816-18


1818-18


1819-28


1828-56


UHLAN REGIMENTS CIRCA 1830


Ascension, St. Petersburg & Borisogleb Uhlan Regiments


Courland, Olviopolis & Volyny Uhlan Regiments


Belgorod & 1st Ukranian Uhlan Regiments
 


Bug, Orenburg & Smolensk Uhlan Regiments
 



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