REVOLUTIONARY & SOVIET RUSSIA
 


 

NAVAL ENSIGNS & FLAGS    1917-23
 

Images Added March 2007

Commissioning Pennant and Senior Officer Pennant of the RFSSR (1920-23)
 

Notes
 

The red flag was bequeathed to modern communism by the Paris Commune of 1870-71, and the first, mostly unofficial, flags of Soviet Russia were plain red. In 1917 the sailors of the Baltic Fleet hoisted the red flag, which can thus be considered the first ensign of the Soviet Navy, though it was never formally adopted. The first official ensigns of the Russian Federated Soviet Socialist Republic were variants of the national flag adopted in 1918: red with the golden yellow Cyrillic initials for RFSSR in the hoist. Between 1918 and 1920, various command flags and pennants were introduced. These displayed the red star of communism with the state's initials around it

In 1920 the Soviet Russian government adopted a distinctive naval ensign: swallow-tailed with red star, blue anchor and the state's initials in white. Similar flags with a vertical blue or white stripe at the hoist designated fleet commanders and squadron commanders respectively. A new senior officer's pennant was also intorduced at this time.

In 1923, with the formal establishment of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, these purely Russian flags were replaced by those of the 1923-35 pattern.

Flag Proportions: Soviet naval ensigns and flags of the 1917-23 period (except pennants) were made in 1:2 proportions. Very likely there were numerous exceptions to the regulations and many unofficial variants of the flags depicted on this page.

Credits: Many of these drawings are based on images and information from images from the Russian Navy's official website.
 

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PROVISIONAL ENSIGN & PENNANT OF THE BALTIC FLEET    1917

 

 

VARIANT NATIONAL FLAGS & NAVAL ENSIGNS OF THE RFSSR    1918-20


RFSSR COMMISSIONING PENNANT    1918-20

 

RFSSR NAVAL ENSIGN    1920-23

 

RFSSR COMMISSIONING PENNANT    192-23

 

1918-23 RFSSR NAVAL COMMAND FLAGS

 

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE ARMED FORCES

 

COMMANDER OF NAVAL FORCES

 

NAVAL CHIEF OF STAFF

 

FLEET COMMANDER

 

SENIOR FLAG OFFICER    1918-20

 

JUNIOR FLAG OFFICER    1918-20

 

SQUADRON OR FLOTILLA COMMANDER    1918-20

 

NAVAL BASE COMMANDER

 

NAVAL FORTRESS COMMANDER

 

SENIOR OFFICER    1918-20

 

FLEET COMMANDER    1920-23

 

SQUADRON COMMANDER    1920-23

 

SENIOR OFFICER    1920-23

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