KINGDOM OF YUGOSLAVIA
 


 
NAVAL ENSIGNS, FLAGS & PENNANTS    1920-41
 

Image Added October 2011

Naval Ensign & Jack (1918-20)
 

Notes
 

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes was proclaimed in 1918, and in 1920 it adopted as its national flag a horizontal tricolor of blue, white and red. For the first few years of the state's existence, a flag of four stripes, combining the colors of the new nation's three principal ethnic groups, served as the naval ensign. It was replaced by the plain tricolor in 1920. In 1922 a variant of the national flag, with the crowned state arms offset toward the hoist, was made the naval ensign and jack. Also adopted were an ensign for merchant ships whose masters were officers in the naval reserve, and a naval commissioning pennant. Flags for the Minister of the Navy, rear-admirals and commodores were introduced at this time as well. The rear-admiral's flag was at first flown with the crown in the upper fly, but the regulations were later amended to specify the crown's position in the upper hoist. Additional naval rank flags were added in the early 1930's.

The state's name was changed in 1929 to the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and in 1937 a new range of naval rank flags and command pennants was introduced, of much simpler design than the previous flags. These remained in service until 1941, when Yugoslavia was invaded and occupied by Nazi Germany, and the state was abolished. Postwar socialist Yugoslavia adopted naval rank flags patterned on those of the USSR.

Flag Proportions: Naval ensigns and jacks of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia were made in 2:3 proportions. Rank flags for admirals were made square.

Credit: My drawings are based on images and information from Zeljko Heimer's outstanding vexillological website, The Flags & Arms of the Modern Era
 



 

 NAVAL ENSIGN & JACK    1918-20

NAVAL ENSIGN & JACK    1920-22

 

NAVAL ENSIGN & JACK    1922-41

 

NAVAL RESERVE ENSIGN    1922-41

 

COMMISSIONING PENNANT    1922-41

 

1922-37 NAVAL APPOINTMENT & RANK FLAGS

 

MINISTER OF THE NAVY

 

ADMIRAL    Admiral

 

VICE-ADMIRAL    Viceadmiral

 

REAR-ADMIRAL    Kontraadmiral

 

COMMODORE    Kapetan Bojnogbroda

 

1937-41 NAVAL APPOINTMENT & RANK FLAGS

 

MINISTER OF THE NAVY

 

ADMIRAL    Admiral

 

VICE-ADMIRAL    Viceadmiral

 

REAR-ADMIRAL    Kontraadmiral

 

COMMODORE    Kapetan Bojnogbroda

 

SQUADRON COMMANDER

 

NAVAL GROUP COMMANDER

 

SENIOR OFFICER

 

LEADING SHIP
 



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