UNION OF SOVIET SOCIALIST REPUBLICS
 


 

NAVAL ENSIGNS & FLAGS    1923-35
 

In 1922 the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was formally proclaimed, and the following year the existing naval flags of the RFSSR were replaced by a new ensign, jack and commissioning pennant. The ensign was red with white rays issuing from a central disk, somewhat like the Japanese naval ensign in reverse. On the disk was a red star charged with a white hammer and sickle. The jack, which in the Russian tradition doubled as the naval fortress flag, was similar but with blue, white-edged diagonal stripes, preserving the general appearance of the tsarist naval jack. The commissioning pennant was red with the naval ensign at the hoist.

The ensign formed the basis of the numerous additional naval flags that were adopted between 1924 and 1926. Most of these were command and appointment flags and pennants. Two special ensigns were also adopted: one for ships awarded the Order of the Red Banner (order in the hoist on a white ground) and one for the cruiser Aurora, the ship credited with firing the first shot of the October Revolution (order replacing the star on the white disk).

The 1923-pattern flags began to be replaced in 1935 when the final naval ensign of the USSR was introduced.

Flag Proportions: The 1935 ensigns and flags (except pennants) were made in 2:3 proportions.

Credits: My drawings  are based on images posted to the FOTW Mailing List by Zeljko Heimer. Information was also taken from VEXILLOGRAPHIA, the outstanding website devoted to the historical and current flags of Russia and related countries, and from the Russian Navy's official website.

Image Added May 2010

Inspector-General of the Navy
 



 

NAVAL ENSIGN

 

ORDER OF THE RED BANNER NAVAL ENSIGN

 

HONORARY ENSIGN    CRUISER AURORA

 

JACK & NAVAL FORTRESS FLAG

 

NAVAL AUXILIARY ENSIGN
 

 

NAVAL AUXILIARY ENSIGN
VESSELS ATTACHED TO NAVAL FORTRESSES

 

COMMISSIONING PENNANT

 

SENIOR OFFICIALS' FLAGS FOR USE AT SEA    1926-35

 

CHAIRMAN OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR COMMITTEE

 

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF (1926-35)

 

COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF OF THE NAVY

 

DEPUTY COMMANDER OF THE NAVY

 

NAVAL CHIEF OF STAFF

 

INSPECTOR-GENERAL OF THE NAVY

 

CHIEF OF NAVAL TRAINING

 

NAVAL BASE COMMANDER

 

PORT CAPTAIN

 

NAVAL COMMAND FLAGS & PENNANTS    1924-35

 

COMMANDER OF A FLEET

 

COMMANDER OF A SQUADRON

 

COMMANDER OF A DIVISION

 

FLOTILLA COMMANDER
 

 

SENIOR OFFICER
 



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